Dursban, also known as chlorpyrifos, is an organophosphate pesticide that kills insects by attacking their nervous system. If ingested by humans, it can result in neurological injuries in children, birth defects, and other illnesses.
The chemicals in this nerve toxin were first developed in the 1930’s by the Nazi regime as chemical weapons.
This toxic chemical was one of the most popular household pesticide in the U.S., and was unfortunately used in about 800 products.
More than 90 percent of American children who took part in a study group had chlorpyrifos present in their urine.
Neurological Disorders due to of Exposure to Dursban
Inhalation, skin contact or ingestion of Dursban impacts the respiratory system, central nervous system, and the cardiovascular system.
However, severe poisoning affects the central nervous system resulting in:
- Lack of coordination
- Slurred speech
- Loss of reflexes
- Muscles contractions
- Tremors of the tongue or eyelids
Damage to the retina, reduced peripheral vision, and impaired visual awareness have been reported in children as well.
Organophosphates, like Dursban, interfere with the function of the nervous system by meddling with neurotransmitters, including muscarinic, nicotinic, and brain nerve transmitters.
Muscarinic nerve receptors, which are located in organs like the heart and other smooth muscle organs, become altered, resulting in symptoms like wheezing, nausea, abdominal cramps, visual disturbances, and vomiting.
According to reports Dow was fined $732,000 for not sending the EPA it’s reports on certain Dursban poisoning incidents.
Dow was in the hot seat again in 2003, after the state of New York filed suit against them for repeatedly violating a 1994 agreement that prohibited advertising that flaunted the safety of its products.
An investigation found that immediately after the company entered the agreement they began to mislead the public about the safety of their product in print, video and internet advertising.